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Skewed gender ratio in engineering a primary cause for fewer girls taking CAT yearly

Yearly, the registration numbers for Frequent Admission Take a look at (CAT) recommend that girls making use of for the administration entrance examination are half of the overall registrations by male candidates. In CAT 2021, a complete of 1.24 lakh males took the examination as in comparison with solely 66, 850 girls. Equally in 2019, a complete of two.44 lakh candidates utilized for CAT, of which over 1.6 lakh had been male and solely 86,000 had been feminine.

Extra male aspirants for administration entrance examination

MP Ram Mohan, professor at IIM Ahmedabad and CAT2021 Convenor, believes that there may very well be a number of explanation why male candidates outnumber females writing CAT however the major cause consists of the educational background of the test-takers.

“Although it requires an in depth evaluation of behaviour and academic curiosity, out of many, one major cause may very well be that majority of the CAT functions and MBA candidates proceed to be from engineering disciplines. I’m not commenting on the deserves and demerits of disciplines, however, as we all know male candidates outnumber females in engineering schools,” Professor Ram mentioned.

Engineering continues to be male-dominated

The gender disparity is obvious within the registration information for the engineering entrance examination. The Nationwide Testing Company (NTA) had acquired 6.5 lakh registrations for the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Foremost February 2021 session. Nevertheless, there was a distinction of greater than 2.5 lakh between the female and male registrations. Extra boys than double of women appeared for the engineering entrance examination.

Equally, 75 per cent of the overall candidates who registered for the JEE Superior 2021 – entrance examination for admission in IITs – had been male. Solely 34,530 of the overall 1, 41,699 candidates had been feminine.

Professor V Ramgopal Rao, Director, IIT Delhi, agrees that the skewed gender ratio in CAT may very well be due to the engineering courses being dominated by boys.

“Extra individuals from engineering than every other self-discipline apply for CAT and shift gears of their careers with an MBA. Therefore, the gender disparity in engineering could also be impacting the CAT registrations. The overall understanding of engineering continues to be restricted to powerful males with helmets engaged on websites or working heavy equipment. The notion is steadily altering however nonetheless requires extra consciousness,” Rao mentioned. IIT Delhi will quickly launch an consciousness programme for women learning in school 10 and above to make them conversant in profession choices within the subject of engineering.

12 months-wise registration information Male  Feminine  Whole 
CAT 2021 (appeared) 1,24.150 66,850 1.91 lakh
CAT 2020 1, 47,699 80,135 2,27, 835
CAT 2019 1,58,190 85, 810 2.44 lakh
JEE Foremost (Feb) 2021 454852 197771 652627
JEE Superior 2021 1,07,179 34,520 1,41,699
NEET-UG 2021 7,10,979 9,03,782 16,14,777
NEET-UG 2020 7,16,586 8,80,843 15,97,435

Position of societal notion and entry to teaching

It isn’t simply concerning the notion of a sector, but additionally about what it takes to interrupt the glass ceiling, says Himanshu Rai, director of IIM Indore. It might look like a person family difficulty however “it’s a significant issue on the macro-level”.

“Societal stress or notion shouldn’t be restricted to limiting ladies from coming into a selected sector, however not placing them by what it takes to crack an entrance examination. Entry to teaching centres is proscribed for college kids in rural areas, particularly for women. The idea of clearing exams has now grow to be a synonym to learning in Kota or Rajinder Nagar, however not each mum or dad is snug sending their daughters out of their hometown. Therefore, the desires are crushed earlier than there may be even any effort in that path,” he mentioned.

Professor Ram additionally highlights college students’ curiosity in enterprise as a serious cause. “After I speak to feminine college students, particularly on entrepreneurship, I see the next sense of anticipation of a tough street forward. We have to have a extra caring and compassionate enterprise world for feminine entrepreneurship to thrive. Perhaps feminine candidates see the world of enterprise very in a different way than males,” he mentioned.

‘Conventional’ profession alternative for ladies

The registration information of NEET-UG reaffirms the ‘conventional’ profession alternative for ladies because it is among the few exams the place feminine candidates outnumber male candidates. Of the overall 16 lakh NEET-UG 2021 candidates, over 9 lakh had been feminine as in comparison with solely 7 lakh male candidates. NEET-UG 2020 helps the development the place 8.80 lakh girls and seven.16 lakh males had registered.

Dr Amit Gupta, professor, AIIMS Rishikesh, doesn’t really feel that societal stress impacts ladies’ profession decisions however it’s the innate feminine talents that entice extra females to the medical subject.

“Engineering continues to be thought of an industry-oriented job. Historically, jobs that require compassion and empathy would obtain extra functions from girls than males. The notion that individuals with glorious tender expertise ought to be a part of the medical subject nonetheless exists. Girls, by default, have higher empathy and care as in comparison with males. Therefore, extra girls select to make efforts be a part of the medical sector as in comparison with engineering,” Gupta mentioned.

Rai believes that institutes must take affirmative response to resolve the problem, which might permit extra females to enter the administration lecture rooms. “There’s a want to offer extra marks or ease admission provisions for candidates from non-STEM tutorial backgrounds. Built-in programmes that permit college students to hitch after class 12 also can assist in dodging the gender ratio drawback in engineering programs,” he added.


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